Nigeria’s economy shrank by by -2.48 percent in the third quarter of 2020, marking the biggest quarterly drop on record and plunging the country into the worst recession of any major global economy.
The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), theofficial data agency, said the economy slipped into recession at the end of the third quarter (Q3) which ended in September.
Persecondnews recalls that the economy went into a recession in 2016 following a lull in economic activities as a result of the delay in the appointment of ministers and other key appointees in 2015 by President Muhammadu Buhari.
“This recession is the worst since 1987 as the Gross Domestic Product in real terms declined by -3.62% (year-on-year) in the third quarter of 2020 and is driven by the long closure of the Nigerian borders which restricted economic movements across the borders.
“Nigeria’s gross domestic product (GDP) recorded a growth rate of –3.62% (year-on-year) in real terms in the third quarter of 2020,” NBS said on Saturday.
“Cumulatively, the economy has contracted by -2.48%While this represents an improvement of 2.48% points over the –6.10% growth rate recorded in the preceding quarter (Q2 2020), it also indicates that two consecutive quarters of negative growth have been recorded in 2020.
“Furthermore, growth in Q3 2020 was slower by 5.90% points when compared to the third quarter of 2019 which recorded a real growth rate of 2.28% year on year.
“The performance of the economy in Q3 2020 reflected residual effects of the restrictions to movement and economic activity implemented across the country in early Q2 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
“As these restrictions were lifted, businesses re-opened and international travel and trading activities resumed, some economic activities have returned to positive growth. A total of 18 economic activities recorded positive growth in Q3 2020, compared to 13 activities in Q2 2020,” it body said.
The report says during the quarter under review, aggregate GDP stood at N39,089,460.61 million in nominal terms, adding that the performance was 3.39% higher when compared to the third quarter of 2019 which recorded an aggregate of N37,806,924.41 million.
Oil GDP contracted by -13.89 per cent from -6.63 per cent in the second quarter of this year and 6.49 per cent in Q3 2019.The country’s non-Oil GDP contracted -2.51 per cent from -6.05 per cent in Q2 2020 and 1.85 per cent in Q3 2019 Information & Communication under Services GDP grew 14.56 per cent compared to 16.52 per cent in Q2 2020 and 9.88 per cent in Q3 2019.
Services real GDP contracted by -5.49 per cent compared to -6.78 per cent in Q2 2020 and 1.87 per cent in Q3 2019.
Construction under Industry real GDP grew by -2.84 per cent compared to -31.77 per cent in Q2 2020 and 2.37 per cent in Q3 2019.
Industry real GDP contracted by -6.12 per cent compared to -12.05 per cent in Q2 2020 and 3.21 per cent in Q3 2019. Telecoms real GDP grew by 17.36 per cent compared to 18.1 per cent in Q2 2020 and 11.3 per cent in Q3 2019.
Agricultural sector grew by 1.39 per cent compared to 1.58 per cent in Q2 2020 and 2.28 per cent in Q3 2019.