- The Queen of England is the head of the Commonwealth
- United Arab Emirates, Oman, Kuwait, Bahrain and Qatar are all former British colony but they all refused to join the Commonwealth.
- 16 member countries out of the 53 recognizes the Queen of England as their Monarch
- Lesotho, Swaziland and Tonga are member countries ruled by their own Monarchs
- The commonwealth covers 20 per cent of the world’s land area and a population of 2,419 billion people, making up a third of the world’s population. The total gross domestic product of around $10.45 trillion representing 14 per cent of the world’s gross product.
- The Republic of Ireland is the closest county to Britain and is not a member of the Commonwealth.
- Gambia left the Commonwealth in 2013 but returned in 2018.
- The Commonwealth of Independent States is a political and economic confederation of former Soviet republics, analogous to the Commonwealth of Nations.
- The Commonwealth of Nations is an intergovernmental organization of 53-member states, composed mostly of former colonies, protectorates, mandates and dominions of the British empire, plus a couple of countries never under the British empire, but now linked together as ‘free and equal’ partners by shared value.