The global economy, which tipped into its deepest recession last year, has bounced back strongly from the pandemic-driven slowdown. The International Monetary Fund expects the world output to expand by 5.9 per cent this year and 4.2 per cent in 2022. CEBR, however, expects global economic growth of 4.2 per cent next year, up from 3.4 per cent it predicted a year ago.
Inflation is another key issue for the global economy going forward. This year has been the year of supply constraints and rising inflation, with shortages of commodities, finished goods, shipping space and fossil fuels feeding into inflation in the second half of 2021.
While some of these inflation sources cooled in the last weeks of the year, there are signs that wage inflation is accelerating around the world.
“The key question is whether inflation will largely subside of its own accord, with a modest degree of policy tightening and possibly a medium-sized fall in asset prices (of about 10 per cent to 15 per cent) but little impact on GDP, or whether bringing it down it will require something close to austerity,” CEBR said.
In its latest global economy ranking, CEBR predicted that China will overtake the US in 2030 to become the world’s biggest economy in dollar terms, two years later than the forecast in last year’s rankings.
It expect Chinese economy to grow 5.7 per cent annually from 2020 to 2025, 4.7 per cent per annum from between 2025 and 2030 and 3.8 per cent annually in the 2030 to 2035 period.
“These are very similar rates to those in our forecasts last year. But faster growth in the US means that China is now forecast to overtake the US and become the world’s largest economy in 2030 rather than 2028 as we had forecast last year,” the report said. “This is still three years earlier than our pre-pandemic prediction.”
India, which is expected to overtake France next year to occupy sixth position, will become the third-largest economy in 2031. Germany will stay pegged to the fourth spot next year but will lose a place to Japan in 2031 to become the fifth-biggest economy in the world.
Russia is set to become the 10th largest economy by 2036, following Brazil and Indonesia in ninth and eighth spots, respectively, according to CEBR ranking index.
Saudi Arabia will be in the 17th spot, while the UAE will be the world’s 33rd largest economy, a place behind Israel and two places ahead of Iran in 2036, as per the index.